Primary Years Programme

Primary Years Programme

ESF International Kindergarten Tung Chung is an IB World School offering the Primary Years Programme (PYP). IB World Schools share a common philosophy- a commitment to high-quality, challenging, international education- that we believe is important for our students.

* Only schools authorized by the IB Organization can offer any of its four academic programmes: the Primary Years Programme (PYP), the Middle Years Programme (MYP), the Diploma Programme, or the Career-related Programme (CP). Candidate status gives no guarantee that authorization will be granted.


The curriculum is made up of three parts:

What do we want to learn?
The Written Curriculum
This includes:

  • Scope and sequence documents – these documents outline the conceptual understandings and learning objectives students learn while at Tung Chung
  • Programme of Inquiry – This is the overview of all units of inquiry the students will engage with over 2 years at Tung Chung
  • Units of Inquiry – These are the four detailed planners which make up each year group’s programme


How best will we learn it?
The Taught Curriculum
This includes:

  • Learning engagements that make use of structured inquiry
  • Learning skills that enable children to take ownership over their learning
  • Developing attitudes
  • Understanding concepts
How best will we learn it?
  • Learning knowledge
  • Developing the attributes of the learner profile
  • Taking action



How will we know what we have learned?
The Assessed Curriculum
This includes:

  • Formative assessment – finding out what students know in order to plan the next steps in learning
  • Summative assessment – the culmination of teaching and learning where students demonstrate what they have learned
  • Recording – how we collect and analyse evidence of learning
  • Reporting – how we communicate information about learning

The curriculum framework consists of five essential elements:

  • Concepts
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Attitudes
  • Action





The knowledge component is developed through inquiries into six transdisciplinary themes of global significance, supported and balanced by six subject areas.

Transdisciplinary ThemesSubject Areas
Who We Are

Where We Are in Place and Time

How We Express Ourselves

How We Organise Ourselves

How the World Works

Sharing the Planet



Social Studies

Personal, Social & Physical Education



This diagram shows how all of these elements fit together to develop the curriculum framework.

For further information about the IB and its programmes visit